This article answers many important FAQ on Bronchial asthma.
Try to breathe through the paper, leaning against your mouth, and when the nose is closed! This is how millions of asthmatics describe their condition during exacerbation of symptoms or an asthma attack. Can you imagine how difficult it is at the same time to remain active, play sports, work effectively at work or at school? That is why an accurate diagnosis and effective treatment play an important role in maintaining a normal lifestyle. Management of asthma by avoiding contact with pathogens or causes of asthma and taking prescribed medications allows most asthmatics to lead an active lifestyle without the slightest symptoms of asthma symptoms - coughing, wheezing, or constriction in the chest.
More details you can read the article " What is asthma? ".
Strong emotions, for example, laughter or crying, are the causative agents of asthma. Even sex with some people can trigger an asthma attack. When you laugh or cry, you begin to inhale more air and this temporarily drains the airways in the lungs. This causes a temporary contraction of the muscle tissue that surrounds the airways. This compression is called bronchospasm, which can be stopped quickly by using an inhaler. There are many ways to improve control of asthma, so that minor substances do not provoke coughing, wheezing or shortness of breath. Discuss this with your doctor.
More details you can read in the article " Asthma attack ".
If your husband has allergic rhinitis (hay fever), and you have allergic asthma, then the probability of developing asthma in children 50 \ 50. Allergies are most often transmitted from parents or grandparents. The cause of three out of five cases of asthma is heredity. Of course, this should not be the reason for abandoning children. Most people with allergic asthma have found ways to manage and control asthma.
More details can be found in the article " Asthma risk factors ".
Two of the three asthmatics suffer from frequent attacks of heartburn or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). During GERD, stomach acid flows backwards or returns to the esophagus, causing heartburn or other symptoms such as chest pain, pain and discomfort when swallowing, or a chronic cough. There may be a bitter and sour taste in the larynx or in the mouth.
Sometimes, GERD is the causative agent of asthma or the cause of worsening control of the disease. If it seems to you that you have GERD, and it can cause asthma exacerbation, consult a doctor.
More details you can read in the article " Asthma and Heartburn ".
The most common signs of an asthma attack are:
If there are any symptoms of an asthma attack and they do not go away after taking medication, contact your doctor immediately or call an ambulance.
More details you can read in the article " Symptoms of an asthma attack ."
Sometimes a cough is the only symptom of asthma. Cough-related asthma or "hidden asthma" is poorly diagnosed and, accordingly, a person does not receive proper treatment. The causative agents of cough asthma are the same as the pathogens of other types of asthma, including respiratory infections (common cold, flu and sinusitis) and physical exercises. If you are suffering from allergic rhinitis (hay fever) for many years, then a chronic cough (which lasts more than six weeks) can refer to postnatal aspiration or coughing asthma. If you smoke, chronic cough often refers to chronic bronchitis.
More details you can read in the article " Cough Asthma ".
Yes, the pathogens and symptoms of asthma can be different. Some manifest only a cough, others suffer from chest tightness or shortness of breath, while others - wheezing. There are such types of asthma:
More details you can read in the article " Types of asthma ."
Nocturnal asthma with symptoms such as chest tightness, shortness of breath, coughing or wheezing at night can interfere with sleep and all the following day you will be sleepy and fall asleep on the go. Symptoms of asthma at night are a sign that asthma is not controlled. This means a lack of monitoring medications taken during the day. However, there may be other causes of nocturnal asthma that can be avoided:
If a decrease in contact with these pathogens does not help, the attending physician should review the prescribed medications. This will help solve the problem with the symptoms of nocturnal asthma and normalize sleep.
More details you can read in the article " Night Asthma ".
Symptoms of asthma begin and pass. Therefore, it often happens that at the time of the doctor's visit there are no obvious symptoms of asthma. You can have a strong cough and wheezing for a whole week, and at the doctor's appointment, all the symptoms may disappear. This greatly complicates the diagnosis of asthma - but you can help.
Daily keep a diary, recording all the symptoms. Also, write down all the factors or causes that these respiratory symptoms can cause. The attending physician will get acquainted with your records, ask several questions, conduct a small physical examination and, possibly, prescribe a test of pulmonary functions. Based on this information, the doctor will make an accurate diagnosis.
More details you can read in the article " We keep a diary ".
The physician should be aware of the hereditary predisposition to allergies, the conditions of your workplace, the contact with any kind of smoke, the presence of hay fever and the factors that can exacerbate respiratory symptoms. The doctor can ask such questions:
It is very important to tell as much as possible about the symptoms and possible causes of these symptoms - this will greatly help the doctor to make an accurate diagnosis.
More details you can read in the article " Diagnosis of asthma ."
The doctor diagnoses based on the results of several tests, including a test of pulmonary functions. The pulmonary function test measures the maximum volume of exhaled air. These tests show how blocked the respiratory tract. For example, one such test is spirometry, a pulmonary function test, during which the maximum lung volume and expiratory air velocity are measured. This test is carried out before and after using the inhaler with the content of albuterol (bronchodilator). If the airways expand, improving the circulation of oxygen, then, most likely, the cause of respiratory symptoms is asthma.
More details you can read in the article " Test of pulmonary functions ".
Nine out of ten children-asthmatics and half of adults-asthmatics suffer from allergies. Allergens that affect the nasal passages come from the outside. The source of the allergen can be grass, flowers or trees. In addition, dust mites, mold, cockroaches, dogs and cats are the source of allergens that affect the respiratory tract and thereby provoke asthma attacks.
Some allergy tests help the doctor identify the cause of allergic asthma and prescribe the most effective treatment. Although allergy tests alone are ineffective in determining an accurate diagnosis, but in combination with information on a hereditary predisposition to allergies, it can help a doctor to identify allergy symptoms and the causes of an allergic asthma exacerbation. Ask your doctor about the possibility of taking an immunotherapy course.
More details you can read in the article " Tests for allergy and asthma ."
Bronchodilators relax the smooth muscles in the lungs, opening the airways and improving oxygen circulation. The "rescue" inhaler brings rapid relief with asthma symptoms such as coughing, wheezing and chest tightness.
Here's how to use the inhaler:
Repeat these five points for the second dose. The result will be visible in five minutes after taking.
More details can be found in the article " Inhalers ".
Surely, you do that they are illegal anabolic steroids, which are taken by athletes. But this is not so. For the treatment of asthma, inhaled steroids are most often prescribed, which reduce the inflammatory processes in the airways. The less inflammation, the less sensitivity of the respiratory tract to asthma triggers. This means more control over asthma - and your life.
More details can be found in the article " Aspirin and other medications provoking asthma attacks ".
Millions of children around the world suffer from asthma. The majority of symptoms worsen when they are in school. Sports and other activities often cause bronchospasm. There are a lot of asthma triggers in the air of the classrooms. In addition, other children carry out viruses of respiratory diseases. That's why asthma attacks can happen just when the child is in school. And that's why it's very important to involve the school in caring for your child and managing asthma.
Even if the child exhibits minor asthma symptoms, you need to talk with the class teacher and other school teachers about the need to control the disease and treat even minor symptoms. It is also very important to help the child understand the symptoms of asthma, pathogens and treatment. The child should carry an inhaler and a pneumotachometer. Make sure that your child's teacher has copies of the treatment program.
More details you can read in the article "We Care for the Child ".
Although the shelves in pharmacies and online stores are filled with medicines, unfortunately, they are not able to cure asthma. Some natural therapies can help control asthma. For example, deep abdominal breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, patterning and reverse biofeedback help relieve stress and reduce the aggravation of minor asthma symptoms. But they can not cure asthma. They bring only temporary relief or reduce the need for traditional medicines - of course, if you have the time and money that are needed to use natural therapies.
More details can be found in the article " Natural methods of asthma treatment ".
The parameters of the pneumotachometer help to notice in time the slightest changes in the lungs, which are signs of worsening asthma. During an asthma attack, the muscles surrounding the airways contract and cause their constriction. Decrease in the parameters of the pneumotachometer warns for several hours, or even days, of exacerbation of symptoms - shortness of breath or chest tightness.
The pneumotachometer can also be used to confirm that respiratory symptoms are caused precisely by bronchospasm. Ask your doctor to schedule a treatment program that includes using a pneumotachometer to determine the area of asthma at the moment (green, yellow or red areas). You can print the template of the treatment program and take it with you to the doctor's office so that it can fill it.
More details you can read in the article " How to use a pneumatic tachometer ".
It is not known exactly what a certain diet helps to reduce inflammatory processes in the airways. For example, it is unlikely that a reduction in dairy products will improve asthma control. However, such drinks as strong coffee can bring some relief for an hour or two, since caffeine is an easy bronchodilator. But in eliminating the symptoms of asthma, the inhaler is much more effective than coffee.
There is evidence that those people, whose diet is rich in vitamins C and E, beta-carotene, flavonoids, magnesium, selenium and omega-3 fatty acids, are less prone to asthma. Most of these substances are antioxidants that protect cells from damage. A 2007 study showed that children who grew up on Mediterranean food (nuts and fruits, such as grapes, apples, tomatoes) are less likely to develop asthma symptoms. On the other hand, omega-6 fats and trans fats found in oil and processed foods can trigger an exacerbation of asthma symptoms.
More details you can read in the article " Asthma and Nutrition: What You Need to Know".
Almost every asthmatic person after intensive physical exertion, especially if the exercises took place outdoors in the cold air, begins bronchospasm. Nevertheless, bronchospasm can be prevented in every asthmatic person, except in cases of severe exacerbation of the disease. Consult your doctor. The doctor should evaluate and find the right combination of drugs that would allow you to normalize breathing and exercise.
Sports that require short intermittent periods of physical stress, such as volleyball, gymnastics, baseball, wrestling, are well tolerated by asthmatics, especially if they correctly and regularly take asthma medications. Swimming is especially suitable for asthmatics, as classes take place in pools with moist and warm air. Consult your physician and together determine which exercises you can perform 4-5 times a week for 30 minutes.
More details can be found in the article " Physical exercises and asthma ".
Yes. Stress is a known cause of asthma. Stress can cause shortness of breath, anxiety and even panic. Add to this stress at work or at home, and your symptoms worsen even more and can cause a feeling of fear. When stress rises (whether due to large bills, problems at work or children), the symptoms of asthma become more severe. And if there is wheezing and coughing, this is another reason to worry about your health. Asthma, stress and anxiety are a vicious circle. Here are some simple tips for managing stress and, respectively, asthma symptoms:
More details you can read in the article " Stress and Asthma ".
Of course! With asthma, the most important changes should touch the lifestyle. Quit smoking is number one in this list. Smoking is not only harmful to someone who smokes, but for everyone who is nearby. Passive smoking is a strong stimulant of asthma for those who live near a smoker, especially for children. When a child inhales tobacco smoke, irritants are located along the entire length of the airways. And the inflammation of the airways provokes an asthma attack in the child and can last from several days to several weeks. Passive smoking also causes sinusitis and inflammation of the middle ear.
The inhalation of tobacco smoke damages tiny hairs in the airways, which are called cilia. Under normal conditions, the cilia retain dust and mucus in the airways. Tobacco smoke harms cilia, disturbs their work and dust and mucus freely circulates through the respiratory tract. Studies have shown that secondhand smoke is as dangerous as smoking. This is because at the end of the cigarette smoke contains more harmful substances (tar, carbon monoxide, nicotine and others). Talk with your doctor about the possibility of developing a treatment program for your child to protect him from tobacco smoke.
More details you can read in the article " Quit smoking: why and how to do it."
Support groups provide an excellent experience. Support groups for parents offer communication with other people and the opportunity to learn new ways to manage asthma in your family. Many already have a lot of experience in managing asthma and taking medications and they, for sure, will be happy to share their knowledge. You yourself can tell about the ways that you have discovered, taking care of yourself or about children-asthmatics. In addition, support groups will give strength and confidence that you are not alone and there will always be people who will help you.
A severe asthma attack can be potentially dangerous. Symptoms of asthma continue to worsen, despite the use of "rescue" inhalers and other medications. A severe asthma attack or anaphylactic attack can begin with a minor symptom and then quickly develop into asphyxia. Symptoms may include the following lack of breathing, restlessness, wheezing in exhalation and inspiration, it is difficult to speak with long sentences. When such symptoms or symptoms appear, do not hesitate to call for an ambulance. The ambulance team will immediately provide an oxygen mask and aerosol bronchodilators. In addition, the doctor will measure the level of oxygen in the blood (using a pulse oximeter) and heart rate (using an electrocardiogram). During the trip to the hospital, the team can contact your doctor to find out what to do next.
More details can be found in the article " Asthmatic status ".
If you are pregnant and you have asthma, the most important thing is to continue to maintain control of asthma. In some women, asthma may worsen during pregnancy. Others remain at the same level. Still others, on the contrary, feel better. The best thing that can be done is to regularly visit the doctors (allergist, obstetrician, therapist) during the entire pregnancy. It is also very important to avoid asthma triggers, including all sources of smoke, and follow the treatment program. Do not forget about the program of treatment during childbirth and lactation. Most drugs are safe for the body, but still you first need to consult your doctor.
More details you can read in the article " Pregnancy and Asthma ".
Perhaps you have asthma associated with work. This occurs when certain substances at work (irritants or allergens) cause asthma attacks or exacerbate symptoms. It was found hundreds of substances in the workplace, which exacerbate asthma. The occupations that are most susceptible to asthma include medical workers, those associated with cleaning products, chemical industry workers, builders, welders, paint specialists, those associated with polyurethane foam and animal care professionals.
Tell us about your symptoms to your doctor. Once you have determined what exactly causes the exacerbation of asthma in your workplace, talk with your doctor about how best to change the working conditions to reduce contact with the asthma-causing substances.
More details can be found in the article " Occupational asthma ".
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