This article explains Allergic Asthma, Causes of Allergic Asthma, Symptoms of Allergic Asthma & Treatment of Allergic Asthma.
Allergic asthma is the most common form of asthma. About 90% of children and 50% of adults have anything to do with an allergy. Inhaled specific substances, called allergens (allergic pathogens, for example, pollen, dust mites, mold) exacerbate the symptoms of asthma, which in this case is called allergic asthma. Almost every second asthmatic (with allergic and non-allergic asthma) feels impaired after exercising in cold air or inhaling smoke, dust or strong odors.
Since allergens are present everywhere, it is important for people with allergic asthma to identify their allergies and their pathogens and learn how to prevent the worsening of asthma symptoms.
The main task of the immune system is to protect the body from bacteria and viruses. However, in people with allergies, immunoglobulin E of the immune system is too sensitive. He can begin to fight with absolutely harmless substances, for example, cat fur or pollen, as if they were dangerous viruses, and attack them (in the nose, lungs, eyes and under the skin).
When the body encounters allergens, it creates special cells called immunoglobulin E. These protective cells cause an allergic reaction. They provoke the release of substances such as histamine, which causes inflammation and swelling. When the body tries to resist allergens, there is what is called allergy symptoms, for example, a runny nose, watery eyes, sneezing.
If you have allergic asthma, the airways are hypersensitive to certain allergens. Once the allergen enters the respiratory tract, the immune system begins to react. Muscle tissues surrounding the respiratory tract are greatly reduced (this process is called bronchospasm). And the airways become inflamed and filled with thick mucus.
Whether it's allergic or non-allergic asthma, the symptoms are almost the same:
Allergens that are small enough to get into the lungs:
An allergic reaction can occur even if you scratch an allergenic substance (causing itching and redness of the skin), the allergen gets into the eyes (causes itching and redness of the eyes) and inside (if you accidentally swallow it), which in some cases may be a potential threat to life - cause anaphylactic shock (including life-threatening asthma attacks).
Remember: allergens are not the only thing that causes allergic asthma. Irritants can trigger an asthma attack, although they do not cause an allergic reaction. The stimuli inhaled with oxygen can also cause an attack. Such irritants are:
The doctor can recommend taking an allergy test and asthma that will accurately determine which allergens, external or domestic, cause an asthma attack. The two most common (and recommended) tests are:
The main task in managing allergic asthma is to limit contact with allergens. Here are some tips on how to do this:
Knowing your allergens, which are particularly sensitive to the body, and measures to reduce contact with them will increase the control of asthma. But, nevertheless, this does not reduce the need for medications used to treat asthma. You still need to deal with inflammatory processes caused by respiratory diseases or unchanged (often unavoidable) environmental factors that exacerbate the disease.
Proper treatment of nasal allergies includes antihistamine, non-sedative, means (eg, OTC Claritin), rinsing with saline, nasal sprays (several days), and if nasal steroid sprays (sold only on prescription) do not help and strong antihistamine. If all these funds do not help, you need to visit an allergist who will try the effectiveness of allergen injections (immunotherapy).
There are many good means of controlling and alleviating the symptoms of asthma, but you can not take them without prescribing your doctor. These drugs include inhaled steroids, long-acting inhaled bronchodilators, inhalers, and tablets. Prednisone can be taken for several days. It helps with severe asthma attacks. If none of the known traditional therapies and drugs does not help, then you can try an injection of Xolair, which lowers the level of immunoglobulin E.
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